Although the eastern part of the Mediterranean coast of Turkey is abundant in ruins of ancient cities, most of them are not very impressive remains of former settlements and places of worship, in the form of modest portions of city walls, partially collapsed Byzantine churches and buildings overgrown by weeds. Of course, there are some glorious exceptions or spectacular remains of ancient civilizations, which certainly include Olba, Diocaesarea and Elaiussa-Sebaste.
Not many contemporary travellers to the Mediterranean coast of Turkey are aware that one of the first scientific expeditions to this region had been organised and led by a Polish traveller and researcher, Karol Lanckoroński. He was also a writer, art collector and historian, born in Vienna in 1848 to the extremely wealthy and powerful magnate family. During his life, Karol Lanckoroński not only became a member of the Polish Academy of Learning and the vice-president of the Society for Cultural Protection but also travelled extensively.
A trip to the tiny village of Fasıllar may prove to be an interesting experience for those who are interested in ancient history. There is a stone monument in the village, the carving of it began in the 13th century BC, but it has never been completed. The unfinished monument is currently on a hillside that offers panoramic views over the village and another historical curiosity - a rock relief made at a later period.
After the creation of the new airport, located east of Alanya, many people have heard the name Gazipaşa for the first time. Currently, it is a small town, which has so far been spared by the tourist boom. However, this part of the Mediterranean coast was inhabited from time immemorial, and the ancient city of Selinus has been commemorated in history as the place of death of the Roman Emperor Trajan.
The building, currently identified by many researchers as a Byzantine hospital, was built during the 6th century AD. There are two main arguments suggesting the function of this building. Firstly, it is confirmed by the written source that emperor Justinian initiated the construction of a hospital in Pamphylia, and a healer named Kosma was supposed to be working in this hospital. However, the exact location of this building has not been specified and thus it is plausible to assume that it was built in Side.