Alexandria Troas was the ancient port city in the Troad, founded by Antigonus I Monophthalmus - one of the generals of Alexander the Great - as Antigoneia. After the death of Antigonus, another Macedonian commander - Lysimachus - controlled the Troad. The city was then renamed to Alexandria, in honor of the great Macedonian leader. Because there were many cities called Alexandria in those days, this particular Alexandria was given the term "Troas" or "from the Troad."
In the end of January 2014 Turkish media informed about the discovery of a Byzantine church, hidden underneath the waters of Lake İznik in Bursa Province. The mysteries of this structure have slowly began to be unveiled by archaeologists and historians that joined their efforts to find out as much as possible about the building.
Researchers from the USA, New Zealand and Turkey have provided new evidence that supports the hypothesis suggesting that the mural excavated at the Neolithic Çatalhöyük is the oldest known map. Çatalhöyük site is located in Konya province, Turkey, and it provides a unique insight into daily life of humans in the period of transition from hunter-gatherer to settled societies. One of the interesting finds from this site is a mural from level VII, which has been described by its discoverer as depicting a volcanic eruption.
The theatre in Aspendos is considered to be the best-preserved theatre of antiquity. The Roman builders of this structure managed to express the state of ideal balance between the auditorium and the skene building and, what's more, the whole theatre matches perfectly into the landscape.